Holobiont Urbanism, 2016
In collaboration with the Playful Systems Group, MIT Media Lab

The scientific term “holobiont” reframes plants and animals as more than isolated individuals. Instead, they are symbiotic networks consisting of the interactions between hosts and their associated microorganisms. This could include bacteria in the gut, or in the soil.

Cities -- from Brooklyn to Sydney to Venice -- are no different. They are built for humans, cars and boats, but they host trillions of other invisible residents whose lives are intertwined with our own. To understand which microbiological residents live where, we gathered samples from each location. We turned to citizen scientists to gather this material for us: the honeybees.

As bees traverse the city, they come into contact with a vast array of microbiological material which ends up as “bee debris” in the collection tray at the bottom of the hive. Gathering this material from the tray, we’ve run it through advanced metagenomic sequencing to identify local microorganisms, and used the data to generate the video visualizations of the microbial world.

Devora Najjar collecting samples from hives in Brooklyn

Samples of beeswax, honey, debris, pollen, and propolis 


Installation at Palazzo Mora, Venice, for the 2016 Architecture Biennale

A beehive is sampling Venice right through the exhibition window

Loupes allow the visitors to dive into the animated visuals

Series of animated visualizations with phylogeny of identified species.
#1 Venice

#2 Sydney

#3 Brooklyn

This project was led by Kevin Slavin's group Playful Systems at the MIT Media Lab. Creative, scientific, development and production collaboration with: Ben Berman, Jun Fujiwara, Elizabeth Hénaff, Regina Flores Mir, Dr. Chris Mason, Devora Najjar, Miguel Perez, with contributions from Timo Arnall and Jack Schulze and local beekeepers in Brooklyn, Sydney, Venice, and Tokyo. 

This project has been presented at Palazzo Mora for the Venice Biennale in May 2016, and at the Innovative Cities Forum, Tokyo, in October 2016.